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Dental Implant       

Dental Implant or Tooth Implant is an artificial tooth root replacement and is used in implant-supported dental crowns, dental bridges and dentures.
 

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There are several types of tooth implants. The most commonly accepted and successful is the titanium implant.

Process is based on the discovery by Swedish scientist Per-Ingvar Branemark (Brånemark) of a structural and functional connection between the jaw bone and the dental implant (osteointegration).

There are over 100 companies available on the U.S. market: Nobel Biocare, Straumann, 3i, Zimmer, BioHorizons, Astra Tech, Ankylos, Implant Direct, Lifecore, and Bio-Lok and many others.

A typical implant consists of a titanium screw, with a roughened surface. At edentulous (without teeth) upper or lower jaw sites, the dental implant is screwed into the surrounding bone.

Once in the bone, a cover implant screw is placed and the operation site is allowed to heal for a few months for integration to happen.

After some months the implant is uncovered and a healing abutment (temporary crown) is placed onto the implant. This encourages the gum to grow in the right shape.
 
Finally the permanent dental crowns, dental bridges or dentures (over-denture) will be constructed and placed on the implants.
 

Exclusive Procedures

Bone replacement (auto transplantation), a bone graft procedure (a block graft) and sinus lifting (sinus augmentation) are the common surgical practices at the present time. Jaw bones have to be strong enough to hold and support the implant.

The placement of a dental implant into a recent tooth extraction site could also preserve the bone and reduce treatment times.

Success Rates

At the present time 5 year success rate of implants is between 75-95% and related to:
  • The Oral surgeon' skill
  • Quality and quantity of the jaw bones at the implant place
  • The patient's oral hygiene
  • Who smoke experience significantly poorer accomplishment rates

Failure

A dental implant is considered to be a failure if it is lost, mobile or shows the bone loss around. It is usually related to break down of the osseointegration (connection to the jaw bone).

Risk of failure is increased in smokers. The implants are commonly placed only after a patient has stopped smoking as the treatment is very expensive.

An implant also may not succeed because of poor positioning at the time of surgery, or may be overloaded.

 

Contraindications

  • Uncontrolled type II diabetes is a significant relative contraindication. Healing following any type of surgical procedure is delayed due to poor peripheral blood circulation.
  • The little volume and height of the jaw bone available.
  • Bruxism (tooth clenching or grinding) is a threat to implants while bone is healing and throughout the life of the recipient. This problem can be minimized by wearing a custom made mouth-guard at night (night-guard).

Dental Implants Maintenance

Tooth implants are like your own teeth and will require the thorough at-home oral care and regular dental visits to make sure they are healthy.

YOUR IMPLANTS CAN SERVE YOU FOR YEARS IF YOU KEEP YOUR MOUTH HEALTHY!

A crowned dental implant is protected from tooth decay but do not protected from gum disease!

 
Waterpik Ultra Dental Water Jet (WP-100W) is a NEW!, safe device and very effective oral care tool for those that can't or won't use dental floss.
 

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